According to SECTORS

Stocks listed and traded on the PSE are classified into six (6) sectors:

1.    Financials Sector – includes companies engaged in banking, investments, and finance.

2.    Industrial Sector – includes companies involved in the following:

a.    Electricity, Energy, Power, and Water
b.    Food, Beverage, and Tobacco
c.    Construction, Infrastructure, and Allied Services
d.    Chemicals
e.    Diversified Industrials

3.    Holding Firms Sector – includes companies or firms that control or manage partial or complete interest in another company or other companies. Usually, these companies do not produce goods or services itself; rather, its purpose is to own shares of other companies.

4.    Property Sector – includes companies involved in land and property development

5.    Services Sector – includes companies involved in the following:

a.    Media
b.    Telecommunications
c.    Information Technology
d.    Transportation Services
e.    Hotel and Leisure
f.    Education
g.    Diversified Services

6.    Mining and Oil Sector – includes companies engaged in mineral extraction, oil exploration, extraction and production


Though there is no formal definition or criteria to classify a stock according to its characteristics, analysts generally describe stocks as:

a.  Blue Chip stocks – are shares of well-established and financially sound   companies that have demonstrated their ability to pay dividends in both good and bad times.  They also exhibit more modest but dependable returns and are relatively of lower risk.

b.  Income stocks – are shares of those companies with good dividend payment history due to steady profits.  Since they are stable, income stocks generally have a lower level of volatility.

c.  Growth stocks – also called “glamour stocks”, are shares of corporations whose earnings are expected to grow at an above-average rate relative to the market. A growth stock does not usually issue dividends as earnings are reinvested in capital projects.

d.   Defensive stocks – are shares that provide regular dividends and stable earnings, regardless of the overall condition of the stock market. Defensive stocks remain stable under difficult economic conditions.  Generally, these are stocks of food, oil, and utilities companies, which are characterized by steady demand amidst hard times.

e.   Cyclical stocks – are those sensitive to business conditions or cycles strongly tied with the economy’s performance.  These companies produce or offer services that are low in demand during slowdown and increase when business peaks.

f.   Speculative stocks – are those that rise quickly when economic growth is strong and falls rapidly when growth is slowing down. A speculative stock is considered very risky because of its volatility.  It increases or decreases rapidly depending on the economic conditions.


Reference: Philippine Stock Exchange (Edge & Academy)